Tigers are the largest of the big
Habitat: Tigers are currently
found in Asia, from India to the
Russian Far East. Tigers inhabit
areas with forest cover, water,
and plentiful prey, these habitats
can be tropical rainforests, oak
forests, evergreen forests, woodlands,
mangrove swamps, grasslands savannahs,
and rocky country.
Tiger Species: There are
currently nine subspecies of tiger,
sadly three of which are now classified
*Bali Tiger - Panthera
Bengal Tiger - Panthera
*Caspian Tiger - Panthera
Indochinese Tiger - Panthera
*Javan Tiger - Panthera
Malayan Tiger - Panthera
Sumatran Tiger - Panthera
Siberian Tiger - Panthera
South China Tiger - Panthera
Size: Male tigers are larger
than their female counterparts.
Tigers are approximately 3-3.5 feet
at the shoulder, they measure 4.6
- 9.2 feet in length with a 2-3
feet tail. The Siberian Tiger is
the largest tiger subspecies weighing
between 400-675 lbs. The Sumatran
Tiger, is the smallest living tiger
subspecies, weighing 220-310 lbs.
Conservation Status / Population:
Bengal tiger: Less than 2,000
Indochinese tiger: 750-1,300
Siberian tiger: Around 450
Sumatran tiger: 400-500
Malayan tiger: 600-800
South Chinese tiger: Extinct
in the wild
Caspian tiger: Extinct
Javan tiger: Extinct
Bali tiger: Extinct
Other Names for Tigers:
Middle High German:
Old High German: Tigirtior
West Frisian: Tiger
Diet: Tigers are carnivores,
they will eat boar, cattle, deer,
Tigers are nocturnal hunting from
dusk to dawn. They hunt by stalking
their prey, and pouncing. Tigers
will eat 33-40 lbs of meat per day.
Description: Tigers have
a silky reddish-orange with dark
stripes, the stripes act as camoflauge.
Tigers less frequently can be also
be black with tan stripes, all white
(albino), or white and w tan stripes.
Tigers have long retractable claws.
Behavior: Tigers are territorial
and will use their claws to scratch
the trees in their territory.
Birth: Tigers give
birth to litters of 2-3 cubs
at a time. The cubs are born
blind and helpless.
A tiger is successful
only once in ten to
Gestation: Tigers carry
their young 100 to 112 days, for
100 to 112 days.
Cubs: Tiger cubs
weigh approximately 2 lbs
at birth. Tiger cubs will
nurse up until 6 months of
age, and they will stay with
their mother up until the
age of 2. Tiger cubs have
a high mortality rate, it
is estimated that only half
of the cubs survive.
A tiger's stripes
are like fingerprints,
all tigers have a
unique striping pattern.
Sexual Maturity: Tigers
are considered sexually mature between
the ages of 3 to 6.
Life Span: Tigers live approximately
10-15 years in the wild. Tigers
will live 20-25 years in captivity.
Social Structure: Tigers
are solitary with the exception
of a mother rearing young.
Athleticism: Tigers are
athletic and agile able to stalk
and attack large prey.