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About Big Cats

About Big Cats


Jaguars are carnivorous spotted large cats that are native to South and Central America.

Jaguar Classification:

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Panthera
Species: Onca

Habitat: Jaguars are found in South and Central America. Jaguars can be found in deciduous forests, rainforests, swamps, pampas grasslands and mountain scrub areas.

Jaguar Species: There are disagreements about the number of jaguar subspecies but some include:

Jaguar Subspecies Include:

Peruvian Jaguar - Panthera Onca Peruviana
Mexican Jaguar - Panthera Onca Hernandesii
Central American Jaguar - Panthera Onca Centralis
Arizonan Jaguar - Panthera Onca Arizonensis
Goldman's jaguar - Panthera Onca Goldmani
Panthera Onca Palustris
Panthera Onca Veraecrucis

Size: Jaguars are the third-largest living cat species, only the tiger and lion are larger. Size and weights vary considerably. Jaguars stand at 2.25- 2.5 feet at their shoulder and they measure 5.5 - 8 feet from tip to tail. Jaguars weigh between 100-350 lbs. Females are typically 15% smaller than their male counterparts.

Jaguar in Foreign Languages

Classical Nahuatl: Ocelotl
Croatian: Jaguar
Czech: Jaguar
Dutch: Jaguar
Estonian: Jaaguar
Finnish: Jaguaari
French: Jaguar
German: Jaguar
Indonesian: Jaguar
Irish: Iaguar
Italian: Giaguaro
Mayan: B'alam
Navajo: Shadi'aahde´e´' Nashdoitsoh Likizhigii
Polish: Jaguar
Portuguese: Jaguar / Onça
Romanian: Jaguar
Spanish: Jaguar / Tigre / Yaguareté
Swahili: Jagwa
Turkish: Jaguar

Diet: The diet of a jaguar constists deer, crocodiles, snakes, monkeys, deer, sloths, tapirs, turtles, eggs, frogs, and fish. Jaguars are ambush hunters, in fact they are considered the best ambush hunter in all of animal kingdom.

Description: Jaguars have a large and muscular bodyl that has a heavier and sturdier body than that of a Leopard. Jaguars have a compact body with a broad head. The jaguar's coat is yellow and tan, but the color can vary from reddish brown to black. Jaguars have rosette shaped patterns of spots along their side and backs.

Behavior: Jaguars have home ranges, a males range is larger than that of a female. A male jaguar's home range is between 19-53 square miles. The female jaguar's home range is between 10-37 square miles. Jaguars mark their territories with urine, and by scratching marks onto trees.

Birth: Jaguars have litters with 1-4 cubs. Jaguar cubs weigh 1.5 to 2 lbs at birth. They are born blind and helpless.

Did You Know?
Jaguars are completely at home in the water and are seldom far from a river or lake.

Gestation: Jaguars carry their young for 90-110 days.

Cubs: Jaguar cubs stay with their mother for 1-1.5 years.

Did You Know?
The name jaguar is said to come from the the Native American word yaguar, which means he who kills with one leap.

Sexual Maturity: Jaguars are considered sexually mature between the ages of 2 to 4.

Life Span: Jaguars live 15 to 20 years in the wild and 25 years in captivity.

Social Structure: Jaguars are solitary except when breeding or rearing young.

Athleticism: Jaguars are excellent swimmers, they can move through the water at surprising speeds, particularly when they are in pursuit of prey.


Conservation Status: Near Threatened /Endangered.

Population Status: There are an estimated 15,000 jaguars remaining in the rainforest.

Jaguar Photo

Spotted Jaguar

Resting Jaguar

Jaguar Climbing

Jaguar Photo

Big Cat Gifts



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